UNDERSTANDING A COVENANT

  • A covenant in its most basic form is a promise.

THE DAVIDIC COVENANT: HOPE OF A KING

THE KING’S LINEAGE: HOPE IN WHO THE KING IS

2 Samuel 7:12 (ESV) – When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.

  • What’s the fulfillment of this promise?
    • The promise is first fulfilled in Solomon and ultimately in Jesus.

Jeremiah 22:30 (ESV) – Thus says the LORD: “Write this man down as childless, a man who shall not succeed in his days, for none of his offspring shall succeed in sitting on the throne of David and ruling again in Judah.”

  • How does that give us hope?
    • Because we can know who the King is.
  • How does that change our lives today?
    • Trust

Proverbs 30:5 (ESV) – Every word of God proves true;

THE KING’S HOUSE: HOPE IN WHO WE ARE

2 Samuel 7:13 (ESV) – He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.

  • What is the fulfilment of this promise?
    • The promise is first fulfilled in Solomon and ultimately in Jesus.

2 Kings 25:9 (ESV) – And he burned the house of the LORD and the king’s house and all the houses of Jerusalem; every great house he burned down.

John 2:18–22 (ESV) – So the Jews said to him, “What sign do you show us for doing these things?” Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The Jews then said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?” But he was speaking about the temple of his body. When therefore he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken.

John 1:14 (ESV) – And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.

  • Why does that give us hope?
    • Because it tells us who we are, and who we are becoming.

1 Peter 2:5 (ESV) – you yourselves like living stones are being built up as a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

Ephesians 2:19 (ESV) – So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God,

  • Jesus’ building of us into the house of God tells us who we are.
    • That we are simultaneously members of God’s house who are being built into God’s house.
      • Justin, that’s confusing, I know. But it’s good theology. Why?
    • How does it change our lives today?
      • Perspective
      • This hope changes our perspective of ourselves and one another.

THE KING’S DISCIPLINE: THE REASON FOR OUR HOPE

2 Samuel 7:14–15 (ESV) – …When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you.

Isaiah 53:4–6 (ESV) – Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

Two types of repentance:

2 Corinthians 7:10 (ESV)

a. Gospel-driven

b. Grief-driven

2 Samuel 12:1-12 (ESV)

2 Samuel 12:13-15 (ESV)

2 Samuel 12:16-31 (ESV)

Three things to remember for Gospel-driven repentance:

a. Reckoning of sin.

b. Repentance and forgiveness.

c. Restoration and renewal.

SIN ALWAYS SPIRALS

THE SPIRAL OF SIN…

  • NEGLECT

2 Samuel 11:1 (ESV) – In the spring of the year, the time when kings go out to battle, David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel. And they ravaged the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. But David remained at Jerusalem.

James 4:17 (ESV) – So whoever knows the right thing to do and fails to do it, for him it is sin.

Genesis 4:16 (ESV) – Then Cain went away from the presence of the LORD and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden.

Psalm 1:1–2 (ESV) – Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night.

  • LINGERING

2 Samuel 11:2 (ESV) – It happened, late one afternoon, when David arose from his couch and was walking on the roof of the king’s house, that he saw from the roof a woman bathing; and the woman was very beautiful.

No Israelite house had running water at that time, bathing often may have been performed privately, in the enclosed courtyard that was a part of many Israelite houses; alternatively, it may have been done openly near the city’s public water source. There is no indication in the text that the woman deliberately positioned herself so as to entice David.

2 Samuel 11:3 (ESV) – And David sent and inquired about the woman. And one said, “Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?”

Genesis 3:6 (ESV) – So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.

“In our members there is a slumbering inclination toward desire which is both sudden and fierce. With irresistible power, desire seizes mastery of the flesh. All at once, a secret smoldering fire is kindled. The flesh burns and is in flames. In this moment, God is quite unreal to us. And Satan does not here fill us with hatred of God, but with a forgetfulness of God. The lust thus aroused envelopes the mind and the will in deepest darkness. It is here that everything in me rises up against the Word of God.” – Dietrich Bonhoeffer

  • ACTION

2 Samuel 11:4–5 (ESV) – So David sent messengers and took her, and she came to him, and he lay with her. (Now she had been purifying herself from her uncleanness.) Then she returned to her house. And the woman conceived, and she sent and told David, “I am pregnant.”

  • MORE ACTION

2 Samuel 11:14–15 (ESV) – In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah. In the letter he wrote, “Set Uriah in the forefront of the hardest fighting, and then draw back from him, that he may be struck down, and die.”

2 Samuel 11:27 (ESV) – And when the mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house, and she became his wife and bore him a son.

  • DEATH

Proverbs 14:12 (ESV) – There is a way that seems right to a man, but its end is the way to death.’

James 1:15 (ESV) – Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and sin when it is fully grown brings forth death.

Romans 3:23 (ESV) – for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

THE SPIRAL WAS BROKEN

Romans 6:23 (ESV) – For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

John 3:16 (ESV) – “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.

BIG THOUGHT: A true friend is one who loves so much that he sets aside his own glory for a friend.

1. True friendship is founded on love.

Matthew 22:39 (ESV) – And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

2. True friendship is selfless. 

“Jonathan stripped himself of himself of the robe that was upon him and gave it to David. To receive any part of the dress which had been worn by a sovereign, or his eldest son and heir, is deemed, in the east, the highest honor you can confer upon a subject.” – David Brown, Jamison Fauset Brown.

3. True love protects at great risk. 

1 Peter 3:18 (ESV) – For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit. 

Romans 8:34 (ESV) – Who is to condemn? Christ Jesus is the One who died, more than that, who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. 

1 Timothy 2:5 (ESV) – For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus.

4. True friendship endures.

DAVID WAS AN IMPERFECT FATHER

GOOD AND GODLY FATHERS ARE HUMBLE

GOOD AND GODLY FATHERS DO JUSTLY

GOOD AND GODLY FATHERS DO LOYAL LOVE

GOOD AND GODLY FATHERS MODEL AND TEACH

OUR RESPONSE

Overview: David was a prolific poet, writing many of the Psalms—prayers and worship songs to God. David also worshipped with his life and leadership, showing us that worship is tied to work, both in our failures and in our successes. 

I. “Good intentions” aren’t enough: (2 Samuel 6:1-11)

a. No matter how our intentions are, if not coupled with , those good intentions are .

b. We cannot upon the of the Lord.

c. Good are not the same thing as .

d. obedience is .

Paul Tripp said, “If good theology does not result in radical changes in your life, it’s actually bad theology.”

II. “Good obedience” is what God desires: (2 Samuel 6:12-19)

a. Our good intentions must be followed up with obedience.

b. The worshipper doesn’t just have good intentions. The true worshipper the voice of the Lord.

III.  2 Samuel 6: 16-23

a. David worshipped God without the fear of man.

b. When we worship the Lord, there will be persecution.

AN IMPOSSIBLE SETTING

1 Samuel 17:4–9 (ESV) – And there came out from the camp of the Philistines a champion named Goliath of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of bronze. And he had bronze armor on his legs, and a javelin of bronze slung between his shoulders. The shaft of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and his spear’s head weighed six hundred shekels of iron. And his shield-bearer went before him. He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, “Why have you come out to draw up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me. If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants and serve us.”

1 Samuel 17:11 (ESV) – When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.

AN UNLIKELY SAVIOR

1 Samuel 17:23–25 (ESV) – As he talked with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, came up out of the ranks of the Philistines and spoke the same words as before. And David heard him. All the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were much afraid. And the men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who has come up? Surely, he has come up to defy Israel. And the king will enrich the man who kills him with great riches and will give him his daughter and make his father’s house free in Israel.”

1 Samuel 17:31–32 (ESV) – When the words that David spoke were heard, they repeated them before Saul, and he sent for him. And David said to Saul, “Let no man’s heart fail because of him. Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”

1 Samuel 17:36–37 (ESV) – Your servant has struck down both lions and bears, and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living God.” And David said, “The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and the LORD be with you!”

1 Samuel 17:46–47 (ESV) – … that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel, and that all this assembly may know that the LORD saves not with sword and spear. For the battle is the LORD’s, and he will give you into our hand.”

AN IMPOSSIBLE FIGHT

1 Samuel 17:48–49 (ESV) – When the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine. And David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone and slung it and struck the Philistine on his forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the ground.

Leviticus 24:16 (ESV) – Whoever blasphemes the name of the LORD shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall stone him. The sojourner as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death.

AN UNLIKELY RESPONSE

Genesis 3:15 (ESV) – I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.” 

Revelation 1:17–18 (ESV) – …“Fear not, I am the first and the last, and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades. 

WHAT IS ANOINTING?

WHO GETS ANOINTED?

Deuteronomy 17:14–15 (ESV) – “When you come to the land that the LORD your God is giving you, and you possess it and dwell in it and then say, ‘I will set a king over me, like all the nations that are around me,’ you may indeed set a king over you whom the LORD your God will choose.

1 Samuel 16:1–5 (ESV) – The LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons.” And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” And the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’ And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do. And you shall anoint for me him whom I declare to you.” Samuel did what the LORD commanded and came to Bethlehem. The elders of the city came to meet him trembling and said, “Do you come peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Consecrate yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” And he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.

1 Samuel 16:6–10 (ESV) – When they came, he looked on Eliab and thought, “Surely the LORD’s anointed is before him.” But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him. For the LORD sees not as man sees: man looks on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart.” Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.”

1 Samuel 11-12 (ESV) –  … “There remains yet the youngest, but behold, he is keeping the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and get him, for we will not sit down till he comes here.” And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him, for this is he.”

  • God anoints the one…
    • God sovereignly chooses.
    • Who is surprising.
    • He fills with the Spirit.

1 Samuel 16:13 (ESV) – Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward.

  • Who is serving.
  • Who is skilled.

THE ANOINTED ONE

Luke 4:18–19 (ESV) – “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.” 

Mark 10:45 (ESV) – For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” 

THE LITTLE ANOINTED ONES

Acts 11:26 (ESV) – … And in Antioch the disciples were first called Christians.

GOD’S PROMISE

Genesis 49:8–10 (ESV) – “Judah, your brothers shall praise you; your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father’s sons shall bow down before you. Judah is a lion’s cub; from the prey, my son, you have gone up. He stooped down; he crouched as a lion and as a lioness; who dares rouse him? The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until tribute comes to him; and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.”

1 Samuel 13:14 (ESV) – “But now your kingdom shall not continue. The LORD has sought out a man after his own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be prince over his people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”

2 Samuel 7:16 (ESV) – “And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.”

GOD’S TERMS

GOD’S TIME

Deuteronomy 17:14–15 (ESV) – “When you come to the land that the LORD your God is giving you, and you possess it and dwell in it and then say, ‘I will set a king over me, like all the nations that are around me,’ you may indeed set a king over you whom the LORD your God will choose.”

1 Samuel 8:4–6 (ESV) – Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah and said to him, “Behold, you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations.” But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” And Samuel prayed to the LORD.

1 Samuel 8:6–7 (ESV) – But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” And Samuel prayed to the LORD. And the LORD said to Samuel, “Obey the voice of the people in all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them.”

Mark 1:14–15 (ESV) – Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.”

OUR RESPONSE

1 Samuel 8:7 (ESV) – And the LORD said to Samuel, “Obey the voice of the people in all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them.”

THE PATH OF DISTRUST

THE PATH OF TRUST

Mark 9:23–24 (ESV) – And Jesus said to him, “‘If you can’! All things are possible for one who believes.” Immediately the father of the child cried out and said, “I believe; help my unbelief!”

x